A study on the Electrolytes Concentration and Lipid Profile in Cardiac and Cardiovascular defective patients
Keywords:Electrolytes, Cardiac and cardiovascular disease, HDL, VLDL, LDL
Cardiovascular diseases are common all over the world, and atherosclerosis of coronary arteries is considered to be the leading cause of premature death among men. Serum electrolyte concentrations after myocardial revascularization varied within normal ranges. Magnesium sulphate infusion did not decrease the rate of postoperative atrial fibrillation during the early postoperative period in normomagnesemic patients. The main risk factors for Cardiovascular diseases are age, male sex, hypercholesterolemia [especially in case of cholesterol with low density lipoproteins (LDL)], smoking, systemic hypertension, and diabetes mellitus. The aim of the study was to compare the serum electrolytes [Na+, K+, Cl- and Ca2+] concentration and lipid profile[cholesterol, triglycerides, HDL, LDL, VLDL,LDL/HDL ratio and cholesterol/HDL ratio] of normal persons with cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients. Sodium concentration of cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients varied within normal ranges. Potassium concentration of cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients was very low, when compared with the normal persons. Chloride concentration of Cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients varied within the normal ranges. Calcium concentration of cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients was very high, when compared with the normal persons. Cholesterol, HDL, VLDL, LDL, LDL/HDL ratio, cholesterol/HDL ratio varied within the normal ranges. Triglycerides concentration gets fluctuated and got increased in few cardiac and cardiovascular defective patients, when compared with normal persons.