Epidemiological survey of risk factors and prevalence of cervical cancer in Andhra Pradesh, India

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
6
Volume :8
Issue :4
October, 2014
Page No: 
387-394
Authors: 
Subramanyam Dasari[1], Wudayagiri Rajendra[2] and Lokanatha Valluru[1*]
Address: 
[1]Department of Biotechnology, Dravidian University, Kuppam, A.P, India.
Address: 
[2]Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, A.P, India.

To evaluate the epidemiological survey and the prevalence of cervical cancer in Andhra Pradesh, India. The incidence of cervical cancer data were extracted from Medical Colleges and its associated hospitals from 2009 to 2012. Amongst all the surveyed cases (6,971) 29.5% are cervical cancer cases with 28.1% of stage I, II and 71.8% cases are in advanced stages. Among the suspected cases, Pap smear results indicated that the 27.3% of cases are adenocarcinoma in situ and following atypical squamous cell of undifferentiated significance. Majority surveyed patients use tobacco products (20.1%) followed by contraceptive pills (17.95%) and areca nut products (6.2%). In conclusion, cervical cancer was the second most leading cancer among the women in Andhra Pradesh and its occurrence is mainly due to the infection of human papilloma virus and then followed by bacterial and fungal infections and other risk factors respectively.

Keywords: 
Areca nut, Cervical Cancer, Contraceptive Pills, Pap smear, Risk factors.
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