Evaluation of Phytoconstituents, Nutrient Composition and Antioxidant properties in Moringa oleifera-BhagyaKDM 01 variety

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
8
Volume :9
Issue :4
November, 2015
Page No: 
369-379
Authors: 
Raghavendra S.[1], Rajashekara E.[1], Nagaraj M.S.[1], Ramesh C.K[2], Paramesha M[3] and Aditya Rao S.J[2*]
Address: 
[1]College of Horticulture, University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka, India.
Address: 
[2]Molecular Biomedicine laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, Sahyadri Science College, Shivmoga, Karnataka, India.
Address: 
[3]Plant Cell Biotechnology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, Karnataka, India.
Email-ID: 
adityaraosj@gmail.com

Moringa oleifera is a highly valued plant with a profile of important minerals and is a good source of protein, vitamins, β-carotene, amino acids and various phenolics.In the present study, methanolic extract of leaves and pods were analysed for phytoconstituents, antioxidant properties, nutrient, mineral and vitamin. The results of the antioxidant activities were moderate in comparison to the standard antioxidant and the leaf extract was superior tothe pod in terms of antioxidant potentials.The IC50 values for DPPH radical scavenging activity was 150, 240 and 14μg/ml for leaf, pod and standard respectively. Pod was a good source of carbohydrate, lipid, protein and amino acids as indicated by the results. The moisture, ash and crude lipid of leaves were 80.02%, 6.85% and 1.83% respectively; those of the pod were 74.06%, 7.18% and 2.32% respectively. The mineral composition unravels a high concentration of iron and calcium followed by sodium, potassium and magnesium. The present results revealed that, the leaves and pod contain an appreciable amount of nutrients and can be included indiets to supplement our daily nutrient requirements.

Keywords: 
Moringa oleifera- Bhagya KDM 01, antioxidant, DPPH, phytoconstituents, IC50
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