News Item

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
12
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
i-iii
Authors: 
Editor
Email-ID: 
editor@abap.co.in

News Item

Keywords: 
Nil

Inflammation Induced Obesity Associated Diseases: A Mini Review

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
11
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
448-460
Authors: 
G.V. Swarnalatha,* R. Senthilkumar
Address: 
Department of Biochemistry, Rayalaseema University, Kurnool, AP, India
Email-ID: 
senthilanal@yahoo.com

A variety of factors including pathogens, damaged cells and other toxic compounds can influence the immune system and this biological response is known as Inflammation. These factors may induce acute and/or chronic inflammatory responses in the heart, pancreas, liver, kidney, lung, brain, intestinal tract and reproductive system, potentially leading to tissue damage or disease. Inflammation is divided into two different formats: Acute and chronic inflammation. Acute inflammation that occurs over seconds, minutes, hours and days following the injury of tissues.

Keywords: 
Inflammation, Adipocytes, Obesity, Diabetes, Cancer

Modeling and Optimization of L-Asparaginase production from novel Bacillus stratosphericus by soft computing techniques

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
10
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
438-447
Authors: 
Madhuri Pola, Chandrasai Potla Durthi, Satish Babu Rajulapati*
Address: 
Department of Biotechnology, National Institute of Technology Warangal, Telangana, India
Email-ID: 
satishbabu@nitw.ac.in

Feed forward Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model and global optimization by Genetic Algorithm (GA) were employed on significant variables to enhance the production of LAsparaginase from Bacillus stratosphericus. Using the experimental data, network was built with 4 inputs and 2 outputs along with 10 hidden neurons. Levenberg-Marquardt back propagation algorithm was employed to study the interactions between variables and their influence on LAsparaginase and L-Glutaminase activity.

Keywords: 
Artificial Neural Network; Genetic Algorithm; Global optimal solution; RSM; Statistical optimization.

Novel Solidifying and Gelling Agents - Source, Properties and Prospective Application

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
9
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
427-437
Authors: 
Ami Patel*, Rashmi Gadhavi
Address: 
[a]Assistant Professor, Division of Dairy Microbiology, Mansinhbhai Institute of Dairy & Food Technology- MIDFT, Dudhsagar Dairy campus, Mehsana-384 002, Gujarat, INDIA.

Some microbial and plant origin proteins and colloidal polysaccharides act as solidifiers or stabilizers for solid or semi solid media preparation. They form a continuous three dimensional molecular network and provide firmness to the culture medium. Gelatin and agar agar are widely employed as solidified agents in the preparation of microbiological media. However, few bacteria and fungi are able to degrade these complex compounds and thus, there is a need of alternative solidifying agents.

Keywords: 
Cassava starch, Gellan gum, Guar gum, Pluronic polyol F127, Solidifying agents.

Extraction of phycocyanin from Arthrospira Sp. and screening of its antimicrobial potency against the selected pathogenic strains

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
8
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
424-426
Authors: 
T.C. Venkateswarulu[1], S. Krupanidhi[1], M. Indira[1], P. Sudhakar[2], P. Bangaraiah[3], Md. Nazneen Bobby[1], D. John Babu[1], A.Venkata Narayana[1], A.Ranganadha Reddy[1], K. Abraham Peele[1]
Address: 
[1]Department of Bio-Technology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522213, India
Address: 
[2]Department of Bio-Technology, Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur-522510, Andhra Pradesh, India
Address: 
[3]Department of Chemical Engineering, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522213, India

Phycocyanin is mainly produced by Arthrospira Sp., which is cultured in open ponds. Algal screening for identifying antiinfectious agents is fundamentally novel attempt in present research scenario. Arthrospira Sp. produces the bioactive molecules that are rich in protein content. In this work, we report the extraction and partial purification of Phycocyanin using ammonium sulphate precipitation and dialysis.

Keywords: 
Nil

Improvement in the production of L-Lysne by ENU treated Chemical mutagenesis of ddh gene recombinant strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum MTCC25069

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
7
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
406-423
Authors: 
Bhushan Vanasi[1], Ramesh Malothu*[1]
Address: 
[1]Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Science Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Auxotrophic mutant formed from ddh gene recombinant MTCC25069 with blocked homoserine dehydrogenase showed an increased yield of L Lysine of 24.89 g/l from normal ddh gene recombinant MTCC25069 strain which had a yield of 20.66 g/l of L Lysine. The maximum yield of Llysine for the auxotrophic mutant is attained at 7.5 pH, 300C of temperature and an incubation time of 96 hrs. The Auxotrophic mutant of ddh recombinant C. glutamicum showed nearly 6.52 g/l more amount of l lysine than Auxotrophic mutant of wild type with 18.57 g/l of L Lysine.

Keywords: 
Aspartyl â semialdehyde, 2,3 Dihydrodipi-colinate synthase, Homoserine dehydrogenase, Diaminopimelate dehydrogenase (ddh). L, L-diaminopimelate (2, 3-meso DAP).

Screening of Antifungal Potential of Leaf Extracts from Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
6
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
401-405
Authors: 
Md. Nazneen Bobby[1] , S. Krupanidhi[1] , K. Abraham Peele[1] , M. Indira[1] , E.G.Wesely[2] , A. Ranganadha Reddy[1], T.C Venkateswarulu[1]
Address: 
[1]Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology & Research, Vadlamudi-522213, Andhra Pradesh, India
Address: 
[2]Department of Botany, A.A. Govt. Arts College, Namakkal-637002, India

The antifungal activity of Albizia lebbeck Benth. (L.) was performed against selected pathogenic fungal strains namely Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Penicillium citrinum and Rhizopus oryzae. Crude extracts from leaves of Albizia lebbeck Benth showed significant antimicrobial effect. Among different extracts, a methanolic extract of A. lebbeck showed highest zone of inhibition.

Keywords: 
Antifungal properties, MIC, Pathogenic fungal strains.

Antibacterial Activity of Carica papaya against Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis Isolated from Wards Surfaces of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Bushenyi, Uganda

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
5
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
391-400
Authors: 
Abubakar Sunusi Adam*[1], Ibrahim Ntulume[1], Rasheed Adeyemo[1], Saheed Akinola[1], Ibrahim Jatau Abubakar[2], Adamu Almustapha Aleiro[1,3], Sarah Onkobah[1], Lisa Micheni[1], Alice Namatovu[1,4]
Address: 
[1]Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Biomedical Sciences, Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka, Uganda
Address: 
[2]Division of Pharmacy, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia
Address: 
[3]Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Kebbi State, Nigeria
Address: 
[4]Department of Biotechnical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

This study aimed at determining the antibacterial activity of Carica papaya against Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis isolated from doorknobs, bed rails, floors and walls of Surgical, Medical, Maternity, Pediatrics, Accident and Emergency, Semiprivate and Private wards of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital. The bacteria were isolated from the wards surfaces and identified using biochemical tests, Desferroxiomine and Fosfomycin antibiotics. Disc diffusion method was used to detect methicillin resistance in S.

Keywords: 
Nil

Untapped Potential of Salicylic Acid, Jasmonic Acid and PGPRs to Develop Abiotic Stress Resilience in Crop Plants

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
4
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
376-390
Authors: 
Raghvendra Saxena[1], Manish Kumar*[1], Anurag Jyoti[1] and Rajesh Singh Tomar[1]
Address: 
[1]Amity University Madhya Pradesh, Maharajpura Dang, Gwalior (MP)-474005
Email-ID: 
mkumar@gwa.amity.edu

Abiotic stresses are the major limiting factor for crop productivity and food security. There are several regions in the world which have been affected by changing environmental scenario and facing a serious decline in agricultural productivity. Abiotic stresses are responsible for major crop yield loss in the field. Numerous studies suggested that plant growth and developmental processes are directly or indirectly regulated by plant growth regulators and phytohormones. These phytohormones strike balance between plant growth and adaptations in abiotic stress.

Keywords: 
Drought stress, salt stress, crop plants, phytohormones, salicylic acid, jasmonic acid.

Quantification of phytochemicals in the pseudobulbs of Crepidium acuminatum (D. Don) Szlach-a critically endangered medicinal plant

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
3
Volume :13
Issue :4
October, 2019 - December, 2019
Page No: 
366-375
Authors: 
Mamta Arora[1], Gurjinder Kaur[2], Satnam Singh[3], Anupama Mahajan[4], Jaspreet K. Sembi[5]
Address: 
[1]Faculty Biotechnology, ASBASJSM College, Bela, Ropar, Punjab
Address: 
[2]Administrator Supervisor, Canada
Address: 
[3]HOD Pharmacognosy, ASBASJSM College of Pharmacy, Bela, Ropar, Punjab
Address: 
[4]Assistant Professor, Biotechnology, SUSCET, Tangori
Address: 
[5]Assistant Professor, Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh

The present investigation is aimed to quantify the phytochemicals present in the pseudobulbs of Crepidium acuminatum (D. Don) Szlach (Family-Orchidaceae). Total fat content was found to be 1.45 ± 0.13%, whereas Alkaloid content as 5±0.52%, Resin content was observed as 0.9±0.1 %, tannin content was 9.25±0.21%, Crude fiber content was found to be 5.1±0.69%. Saponin content was 2±0.48%. Phenolic content was 70.9± 0.53 (μg Gallic Acid equivalent/ml of extract).

Keywords: 
Phytochemicals, Quantification, Crepidium acuminatum (D. Don) Szlach, Malaxis acuminata.

 
To download full text articles and issues in PDF at no cost.All you have to do is fill out a brief registration form. It's easy and it's free. At any time, you may request removal of your contact information from our database.
Click here to Register | Click here if you have already registered

2018 ABAP Awards

Invitation for Nominations to 2019 ABAP Awards
The Association of Biotechnology and Pharmacy invites nominations for the following awards from the eligible talented people with proven track record and achievements on or before August 31, 2019 in the prescribed format.

DOWNLOAD CIRCULAR | APPLICATION FORM

AWARDS

User login