Calcium Addition Potentially Reverses Lead and Manganese Induced Enzymatic and Behavioral Alterations in Rats

Order of Publishing in Issue: 
Volume :5
Issue :2
April, 2011
Page No: 
M. Ram Kumar, K. Praveen Kumar, V. Kavitha and G. Rajarami Reddy*
Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati – 517502, India

Abstract : Chronic exposure to lead (Pb) or manganese (Mn) is known to alter variety of neurological and behavioral functions. In thisstudy, we have examined the neuro-behavioral perturbations in rats exposed to both Pb and Mn, and the protective effect of calcium supplement.Rats (3 months old) were exposed to Pb (0.2% through drinking water) and Mn (intraperitonially daily at a concentration of 2.5 mg/kg body wt)for a period of 3 weeks. A separate batch of animals received calcium (0.02%) in drinking water together with Pb and exposed to Mn. Following exposures,the neurochemical alterations were assessed by determining the activity changes in synaptosomal acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) and mitochondrialATPases in different brain regions (cortex,hippocampus and cerebellum). Behavioral studies included both cognitive (water maze tasks) andnon-cognitive (open field, exploratory and locomotory tasks). Combined exposure to Pb and Mn resulted in behavioral dysfunctions (decreasein latency, swim distance, swim speed in water maze task and decrease in open field behavior and locomotor activity). Similar to the changes
observed in motor and cognitive behavior, decrease in the activity of both AChE and ATPases were also observed in the brain regions of Pb+Mn exposed rats. However, the animalswhich received calcium together with Pb+Mn  showed reversal effect in behavioral as well as the activity of the enzymes suggesting protectiverole of calcium supplementation against the Pb and Mn induced neurotoxicity. The results of this study support our earlier findings on the protectiverole of calcium and zinc against Pb and Mn induced neurotoxicity.

Behavioral perturbations, Water maze, Lead, Manganese, Locomotor activity, cholinergic system, Calcium protection.
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